pISSN: 1598-3692

동북아 문화연구, Vol.68 (2021)

중국 망명객 신규식의 디아스포라 시문학 연구


(연세대학교 학부대학 강사)

Shin Gyu-sik(1879~1922) has been widely recognized as an independence activist, a politician, a diplomat, a poet and a writer in the history of the Korean independence movement, of diplomatic policy and of international exchange between Korea and China in modern era. He sought asylum in Shanghai, China and chose ‘the life of diaspora’ to participate in the independence movement after Japanese Annexation of Korea. He was the first Korean joined in Nam-sa, a group of revolutionary literary people in China and made an official relationship with The Republic of China. He also published a weekly magazine, Jin-dan in Shanghai in 1917, wrote a long sound argument, Tong-an, and introduced heroes of Korea by publishing the biographies of Ye Sun-shin and Ahn Jung-geun. In 170 pieces of classical Chinese poems in A-mok-ru, a collection of his poems written in Chinese, we can find a trace of his philosophy of Enlightenment, Commonwealth, his practical endeavor to establish the Provisional Government of Korea in Shanghai and the sense of loneliness as well as nostalgia that are intrinsic to diaspora. This study analyzed his poems in three points in terms of diaspora as follows. Firstly, it examined his resolution to commit himself to independence movement and his philosophy of Enlightenment. It analyzed secondly his participation in Chinese Revolution and his philosophy of Commonwealth, and thirdly, his sense of loneliness and nostalgia intrinsic to diaspora. Especially he made remarkable achievements in engraving new images of Chosun on the minds of many literary men and revolutionaries in China. He also devoted himself to ‘independence of his homeland by means of diplomacy’ by actively interacting with key revolutionary figures of China. In this respect, to study his poetic works is not only very useful for tracking the activities of intellectuals in modern enlightenment period, but also would greatly contribute to our understanding of the political circumstances surrounding Korea under Japanese Imperialism and Korean-Chinese literature in modern period.
  신규식, 한시, 디아스포라, 망명, 독립운동

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