pISSN: 1598-3692

동북아 문화연구, Vol.65 (2020)

거란국의 다원성과 농업경제의 발전


(동북아역사재단 연구정책실 연구위원)

Since the 10th century in East Asian history, the proper-china centric paradigm has been severely shaken. At the center of it was the power of Khitai state. The power of Khitai empire came from the military strength of a powerful cavalry group. Khitai empire maintained its state based on the growing agricultural development. Khitai empire was a country that integrated southern agriculture with northern nomadic territory. The main players in agricultural development were the Han-chinese officials and farmers. In addition to the agricultural technology of North China and South China, various technical and ideological factors are thought to have contributed to the agricultural development of Khitai empire. The role played by the northern element in the agricultural development of the Khitan cannot be underestimated. This is partly revealed by the introduction of new crops such as livestock and watermelons along with the agricultural incentive policy that Khitai empire has implemented, and further research is needed in the future. This was done because the Khitai elite exercised their ability to create a hybrid economy. There is no record of large-scale irrigation works being carried out in Khitai empire. But, by maintaining a very practical policy, Han-chinese officials and farmers with iron farming tools and manure techniques could be utilized. By showing the ability to utilize the agricultural economy, the Khitan forces set a precedent and foundation for the creation and maintenance of an integrated economy by the northern dynasty. Khitai empire occupies a special position in East Eurasian history in that it served as a pioneer of the Northern Dynasty leading to the Chin(金), Mongol and Qing empire.
  거란; 유목사회; 농업사회; 요탑; 불교; 농업장려정책;Khitai; nomadic society; agricultural society; pagodas of Khitai; Buddhism; Agricultural incentive policy

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